Stephen M. Phillips
Flat 4, Oakwood House, 117-119 West Hill Road. Bournemouth. Dorset BH2 5PH. England.
1. The holistic 48:336 pattern in the Pythagorean musical scale
As discussed in previous articles, the divisions:
384 = 481 + 168 + 168
48 = 24 + 24
are found in the geometrical composition of the 14 separate polygons of the inner Tree of Life (Fig. 1a), the first (6+6) enfolded polygons (Fig. 1b), the I Ching table (Fig. 1c), the Sri Yantra (Fig. 1d) and the disdyakis triacontahedron (Fig. 1e). This is because they embody the universal blueprint of holistic systems. This article will explain the musical significance of these divisions.
Table 1 displays the first 15 octaves of the Pythagorean musical scale:
1. Tone ratios of the first 15 octaves of the
Pythagorean musical scale.
G5, the perfect fifth of the fifth octave, the tenth overtone, the 33rd note and the 11th Pythagorean harmonic,2 has a tone ratio of 24. G6, the perfect fifth of the sixth octave, the 40th note and the 15th Pythagorean harmonic, has a tone ratio of 48. The Pythagorean Tetrad expresses both tone ratios because
whilst 15 is the number of combinations of four objects, taken 1, 2, 3 & 4 at a time. The 26th Pythagorean harmonic is A8 with tone ratio 216 (the number value of Geburah). Therefore, YAH, the Godname of Chokmah with the gematria number value 15 (see list of Godname numbers in endnote 1) prescribes G6, up to which there are 48 harmonics (15 Pythagorean) and YAHWEH, the complete Godname of Chokmah with number value 26, prescribes A8, up to which there are 216 harmonics, i.e., 168 extra harmonics. The note G9, the perfect fifth of the
ninth octave, has the tone ratio 384. It is the 30th overtone. EL, the Godname of Chesed with number value 31, prescribes this note as the 31st Pythagorean harmonic and as the 61st note, 61 being the 31st odd integer. The value 1 of the letter E (aleph) denotes the tonic and the value 30 of the letter L (lamed) denotes the 30 overtones up to G9. As the Pythagorean measure of wholeness and perfection, the number 10, or Decad, defines the 61 notes up to G9 because, constructed from tetractyses, the 10-sided decagon has 61 yods (Fig. 1). The central yod denotes the tonic, the 30 internal yods surrounding it denote the 30 partials up to G9 and the 30 boundary yods denote the 30 overtones, the yods at the ten corners denoting the ten overtones up to G5. The Decad also defines the 26th Pythagorean harmonic A8 as the 55th note, where
55 = 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 10.
This geometrical correspondence is evidence that the 60 note intervals above the tonic up to G9 constitute a holistic set. These 60 degrees offreedom are symbolized in the tetractys-constructed TOL by its 60 hexagonal yods symbolizing Sephiroth of Construction, in the dodecagon by its 60 hexagonal yods, in the triakis tetrahedron by the 60 vertices, edges & triangles surrounding an axis joining two opposite vertices and in the disdyakis triacontahedron by the 60 vertices surrounding an axis joining two opposite vertices. The Tetrad also defines the 61 notes up to G9 because they can be assigned to the 61 yods in a Type B square. In fact, they are the counterpart of the 61 sounds that can be created by playing the 15 notes of the Greater Perfect System known to the ancient Greeks — another holistic system. The 31 sounds (notes, harmonic intervals & chords) made by playing the eight notes of the first octave in the Greater Perfect System correspond to the 31 harmonics; the 30 sounds created by playing the second octave correspond to the 30 partials.
Table 2 displays the 31 harmonics of the Pythagorean scale up to G9. YAH (YH) separates the 48 harmonics up to G6 from the next 336 harmonics up to G9, which is prescribed by EL. The last 168 harmonics with five notes are differentiated by the Godname YAHWEH. The number 10 of yod (Y) and the number 5 of heh (H) divide the 48 harmonics into two sets of 24. The 48 harmonics contain 15 notes prescribed by YAH. The first set of 168 harmonics up to A8 contains 11 notes — the sum of the remaining numbers of the letters vau and heh of YAHWEH — and 157 non-musical harmonics. The second set of 168 harmonics up to G9 contain five notes and 163 non-musical harmonics. Of the 336 harmonics, 16 are notes and 320 are non-musical harmonics. Of the 384 harmonics, 31 are notes and 353 are non-musical harmonics. Of the former, 22 are notes other than octaves. As 22 is the 21st odd integer after 1, EHYEH with number value 21 prescribes the overtones up to G9 that are not octaves. It also prescribes G9 because this is the 21st note above G6. Of the 61 notes, 52 notes are not octaves. 52 is the 26th even integer, showing how YAHWEH prescribes the archetypal set of notes up to G9.
The 24:24:168:168 division of harmonics in the Pythagorean scale is the musical manifestation of the various sacred geometries displayed in Fig. 1. What confirms that these 48:336, 168:168 and 24:24 subdivisions have significance is that they are prescribed by the Godnames YAH, YAHWEH and EL and their letter values. This cannot be plausibly attributed to chance. The 384 harmonics up to G9 consist of the fundamental C1 and 383 higher harmonics. Amazingly, 383 is the 76th prime number, showing how the Godname YAHWEH ELOHIM with number value 76 prescribes the first 61 notes of the Pythagorean scale spanning 384 harmonics.
The number 383 appears in the 10-tree (Fig. 2), whose 65 SLs are prescribed by ADONAI, Godname of Malkuth with number value 65. The 10-tree has been shown in many previous articles to embody structural and dynamical parameters of the E8×E8 heterotic superstring. 383 hexagonal yods are at the centres of all the tetractyses that have 1680 yods below the 65th SL, the top of the tenth Tree of Life.3 The latter symbolize the 1680 turns of a helical whorl of the heterotic superstring (Fig. 3). In other words, these 1680
yods comprise 383 yods of the type that symbolize Malkuth. This will prove to be highly significant when we find later the harmonic counterparts of the former.
ELOHIM with number value 50 prescribes the 50 notes other than the 11 musical harmonics up to G5, the perfect fifth with tone ratio 24. The first ten overtones and the 22 partials up to G5 were shown in Article 124 to constitute a Tree of Life pattern because they are the counterpart of the ten Sephiroth and the 22 Paths. The 11:50 division of the 61 notes corresponds in the tetractys-constructed 1-tree to the 11 corners of its 19 triangles and to the 50 hexagonal yods lying on their 25 edges (Fig. 4). The number 61 creates the
24 = 3 + 21
found in sacred geometries manifests in the Pythagorean scale, firstly, as the three harmonics (all notes) up to G2 (see Table 1) and the 21 higher harmonics (eight notes, 13 non-musical harmonics) up to G5 and, secondly, as the three harmonics (one note, two non-musical harmonics) beyond G5 up to the next note A5 and the 21 harmonics (three notes, 18 non-musical harmonics) beyond that up to G6. The
(3+3=6) harmonics comprise four notes and two non-musical harmonics; the (21+21=42) harmonics comprise 11 notes and 31 non-musical harmonics. The composition of the 384 harmonics is shown below:
Its 31 musical harmonics comprise every type of note except perfect fourths.
Twenty-four vertices, 84 edges & 60 triangles of the disdyakis triacontahedron are above or below the 48 geometrical elements surrounding the centre of its central, 12-sided polygon perpendicular to an A-A axis. Compare these geometrical compositions with the composition of harmonics:
Starting from G6, the 15th musical harmonic with tone ratio 48, there are 60 more harmonics up to A7, the 21 st musical harmonic, then 84 more harmonics up to G8 and 24 more harmonics up to A8, the 26th musical harmonic. The composition of the 168 geometrical elements either above or below the central polygon of the disdyakis triacontahedron matches the 168 harmonics between G6 and A8, making it too implausible that the correspondence between the geometry and the notes of the Pythagorean scale could be coincidental. As the 48 geometrical elements of the polygon correspond to the 48 harmonics up to G6, this note prescribed by YAH corresponds to the central polygon, whilst the note A8 prescribed by YAHWEH corresponds to half of the polyhedron with 216 geometrical elements. The 168 harmonics beyond A8 up to G8 correspond to the 168 geometrical elements in the other half of the polyhedron below the polygon. Each element is a manifestation of a harmonic, the 336 harmonics between G6 and G9 being the musical counterpart of the 336 geometrical elements above and below the central polygon.
The Tetrad Principle expresses the 384 harmonics because
They include (42=16) octaves and perfect fifths. The 378 geometrical elements above and below the 48 elements of the central polygon are the geometrical counterpart of the 378 harmonics above G6. They contain (42=16) overtones. The 48 harmonics up to G6 contain 15 Pythagorean harmonics, where 15 is the fourth triangular number after 1. The three harmonics up to G2 and the three harmonics above G5 to A5 comprise four Pythagorean harmonics (1, 2, 3 & 27).
The Decad determines the 384 harmonics because not only is the 384th harmonic the last of the notes that can be assigned to the 61 yods in a decagon with tetractyses as sectors but also there are 120 notes and successive intervals up to G9, where 120 is the sum of the first ten odd integers after 1:
121 = 112 – 1 = 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + 11 + 13 + 15 + 17 + 19 + 21 .
The Godname EHYEH prescribes G9 because its number value 21 is the last of these odd integers.
2. The 1680 harmonics
Inspection of Table 1 reveals that there are 1680 harmonics between note G6 with tone ratio 48 and note A11 with tone ratio 1728. This is the 76th note. YAHWEH ELOHIM with number value 76 prescribes the very note in the Pythagorean scale that is separated by 1680 harmonics from G6. This amazing fact
demonstrates how YAHWEH ELOHIM prescribes the superstring structural parameter 1680 as well as the structural parameter 336! The Godname ELOHA with number value 36 prescribes A11 as the 36th note above G6, the 48th harmonic. The Tetrad aptly determines A11 because it is the 44th musical harmonic. Moreover, there are ten (=1+2+3+4) octaves, ten perfect fifths and 24 (=1×2×3×4) other Pythagorean harmonics up to A11. This note is the only overtone other than A8 and G9 that is separated from G6 by an integer multiple of 168. Examination of the notes in Table 1 confirms that the first note to have a tone ratio larger than 1680, namely, A11, is also the only note differing by 1680 harmonics from a note of lower pitch! The note A14 is the last note to differ from its predecessor by less than 1680 harmonics, whilst all subsequent, consecutive notes differ by more than 1680 harmonics. G6 and A11 are therefore the only notes in any octave of the Pythagorean scale whose tone ratios differ by 1680. Demonstration of the uniqueness of this pair of notes is important because it eliminates the criticism that any discussion based upon a particular choice of pairs of notes would be ad hoc if other pairs existed that differed by 1680 harmonics.
The uniqueness of A11 become significant in the context of the 1680 turns of the helical whorl of the heterotic superstring, whose embodiment in the inner form of ten Trees of Life shows that they consist of ten sets of 168 turns. Its connection to superstring physics is further demonstrated by the fact that, as the 75th note above the fundamental, A11 is the 65th note other than the ten octaves, i.e., it is prescribed by ADONAI, Godname of Malkuth with number value 65. A11 is the 33rd overtone other than octaves, where 33 = 1! + 2! + 3! + 4!. The 33rd note and the tenth overtone is G5 with tone ratio 24. Therefore, A11 is the 33rd non-octave overtone above the 33rd note! Given that there are 1680 yods in the 33-tree, the role played by the number 33 in each context in determining the superstring structural parameter 1680 is remarkable. The 50th note prescribed by ELOHIM is the seventh octave C8 with tone ratio 128. It is 80 harmonics above G6, so that the next 26 notes prescribed by YAHWEH up to A11 span 1600 harmonics. The two words in the Godname of Tiphareth define a 80:1600 division in the number 1680 that appears in the 33-tree as the 80 yods in the 1-tree and as the 1600 yods in the 32 Trees of Life above it. This section of CTOL is prescribed by ADONAI because Malkuth of the 33rd TOL is the 65th SL on the central pillar. There are 1730 yods up to the top of the 34th TOL, that is, 1728 yods below it other than its Daath. Alternatively, there are 48 yods below the top of the 34th TOL other than its Daath that are outside the 33-tree. This 48:1728 distinction is the TOL counterpart of the 48 harmonics up to G6 and the 1728 harmonics up to A11. Each yod denotes a harmonic. The 48 harmonics from G6 to G7 are the counterpart of the 48 yods up to Chesed of the 1-tree. The 80 harmonics from G6 to C8 are the counterpart of the 80 yods of the 1-tree. The first of the 1680 harmonics is the 49th, so that it is prescribed by the Godname EL CHAI of Yesod.
None of the 14 types5 of notes in the seven musical scales:
1 256/243 9/8 32/27 81/64 4/3 1024/729 729/512 3/2 128/81 27/16 16/9 243/128 2
has a higher octave whose tone ratio is
1680. This number must be understood as referring, not to a note of any scale, but to the
number of harmonics between G6 and A11. Systematic examination of
the notes shown in Table 1 confirms that the first note to have a tone ratio larger than
1680 — A11 — is also the only
note differing by 1680 harmonics from a note of lower pitch! The note
A14 is the last note to differ from its predecessor by less than 1680
harmonics, whilst all subsequent, consecutive notes differ by more than 1680 harmonics.
G6 and A11 are therefore the only notes in any octave of
the Pythagorean scale whose tone ratios differ by 1680. The uniqueness of this pair of
notes is highly significant because it eliminates the criticism that any discussion based
upon a particular choice of pairs of notes would be ad
hoc if other pairs existed that differed by 1680
The 1680 harmonics from G6 to A11 contain 29 overtones. 29 is the tenth prime number. The Pythagorean Decad defines how many of these harmonics are musical notes. Table 1 shows that they contain 24 overtones other than octaves. Counting from G6, we see that the 1680th harmonic is the 24th Pythagorean harmonic other than octaves. The first 168 harmonics up to A8 include nine such notes, the next 168 harmonics up to G9 include four such notes and the remaining harmonics include 11 notes that are not octaves. The 24 non-octave overtones are distributed nine to the first 168 harmonics and 15 to the remainder. This 9:15 division reminds us of the distinction in string theory between the nine transverse dimensions existing in the 11-dimensional space-time of M-theory and the 15 higher transverse dimensions belonging to bosonic strings in 26-dimensional space-time. If we take the analogy seriously, it suggests that oscillations in the 24 transverse directions generate 24 particles as 24 vibration modes that correspond to the 24 overtones, the nine overtones up to A8 corresponding to the nine particles representing Kaluza-Klein-type oscillations in each of the nine transverse dimensions and the 15 remaining overtones corresponding to the 15 vibration modes for the 15 higher dimensions. Are the 1680 helical turns of a closed whorl the manifestation of the charge sources of 24 gauge fields of E8, the ten whorls of the E8×E8 heterotic superstring being the manifestation of the charge sources of the 240 gauge
fields associated with its 240 roots? The musical analogy strongly implies such an interpretation, although it should be emphasized that the parallel between these holistic systems should be taken not literally but as a pointer to the underlying physics of the heterotic superstring.
When G6 is regarded as the fundamental frequency, the tone ratios of the 24 higher overtones other than octaves are shown below:
The overtones span exactly five octaves, the last note A11 having the new tone ratio 36 relative to G6. The set of 24 overtones is prescribed by ELOHA, Godname of Geburah with number value 36. The note with tone ratio 36 is D6. It is the 36th note above the tonic. Indeed, it is the only note in the scale whose tone ratio is identical to its position number above the tonic — another reason why A11 is special.
There are three overtones up to the note A8 with tone ratio 216 that remain overtones when G6 is the fundamental. The remaining 21 overtones comprise A6, the first one, five partials up to A8, followed by ten harmonics and five partials spanning the last three octaves. These are the letter values of EHYEH (AHIH): A = 1, H = 5, I = 10 & H = 5. In terms of its geometrical counterpart in the disdyakis triacontahedron, A8 represents the last of the 216 geometrical elements constituting half of the polyhedron. It is the reason for the thick, vertical line dividing the 24 overtones at this note. The 24 overtones display the 3:21 division characteristic of holistic systems, as demonstrated in Article 40.6
Table 3. The 1680 harmonics between G6 and A11.
Just as the 1680 helical turns of each whorl of the heterotic superstring revolve five times around its axis of spin, so the 1680 harmonics between G6 with tone ratio 54 and A11 with tone ratio 1728 contain 24 overtones other than octaves spanning five complete octaves, that is, five musical cycles. In both cases, the number 1680 displays a five-fold development. The relative frequencies of the 24 overtones increase by a factor of 25 = 32 (=1728/54). This is the number of components of the wave function describing spin–½ fermions in 10-dimensional space-time. A remarkable analogy exists between the vibrating, string-like whorl and the harmonics of the Pythagorean scale because they are both holistic systems described by the same mathematical archetypes.
Let us next compare the pattern of 1680 harmonics with the 1680 geometrical elements surrounding an axis of the disdyakis triacontahedron passing through two diametrically opposite vertices.7 If the former truly constitute a holistic set, their composition should correlate with the geometrical structure of this polyhedron. The elements comprise 24 vertices above the central polygon, 24 vertices below it, 12 vertices of the central polygon and 180 vertices of the 540 internal triangles, i.e., 240 vertices. Their musical counterparts are the 24 harmonics up to D7 (Table 3), then 24 harmonics up to G7, 12 more harmonics to A7 (the first of the five octaves and the 21st Pythagorean harmonic) and the next 180 harmonics up to D9, which, as the perfect fourth of the third of these octaves, is the middle of the five octaves. Then there are 180 edges, 60 internal edges ending on polyhedral vertices & 120 external triangles, i.e., 360 edges & triangles. Their counterpart is the 360 harmonics beyond D9 up to E10. Finally, there are 540 more internal edges of 540 internal triangles, i.e., 1080 internal edges & triangles. Their counterpart is the 1080 harmonics above D9 up to A11.
There is no overtone that is the 840th harmonic above G6. The only two notes that differ by 840 harmonics are G5 with tone ratio 24 and A10 with tone ratio 864, but they do not all fall within the range of the 1680 harmonics. However, there are 840 odd harmonics from 49 to 1727 and 840 even harmonics from 50 to 1728, showing how the Godname ELOHIM with number value 50 and EL ChAI with number value 49 prescribe, respectively, the set of 840 even harmonics and the set of 840 odd harmonics. The musical counterpart of the 840 helical turns in the 2½ revolutions of an outer half of each whorl and the 840 turns in the 2½ revolutions of its inner half are therefore the 840 even and 840 odd harmonics between G6, the 15th Pythagorean harmonic, and A11, the 76th note and the 36th note after G6, showing how YAH, YAHWEH ELOHIM and ELOHA prescribe the five octaves spanned by the 1680 harmonics. Their counterpart in the disdyakis triacontahedron are the 840 vertices, edges & triangles in one half of the polyhedron that surround its axis and their 840 mirror images in its other half.
The 24 overtones in the 1680 harmonics are notes of the first five octaves of the A scale (Hypodorian mode). In terms of this scale, they comprise 12 harmonics and 12 partials with the following tone ratios:
In terms of the Pythagorean scale, 22 notes have even tone ratios and two notes (E7 with tone ratio 81 (3/2 in the A scale)) and B8 with tone ratio 243 (9/2 in the A scale)) have odd tone ratios. Compare this with the prediction by string theory that strings in 26 -dimensional space-time vibrate along two transverse, large-scale dimensions of space and 22 transverse, microscopic dimensions. The fact that two notes are, likewise, differentiated from the other 22 notes is further evidence that the 24 overtones spanning 1680 harmonics can be correlated with oscillations taking place along the 24 transverse dimensions, as the E8×E8 heterotic superstring theory requires. One of the 22 dimensions is the dimensional segment separating the two space-time sheets occupied by E8×E8 heterotic superstrings of ordinary matter and shadow matter, so that the purely bosonic, vibration modes running anticlockwise around each type of superstring inhabit 21 compactified dimensions prescribed by EHYEH, Godname of Kether, whilst the purely fermionic vibration modes running clockwise around the superstring occupy six compactified dimensions, that is, 15 few dimensions, where 15 is the number value of YAH, Godname of Chokmah, the next Sephirah after Kether. The 21 bosonic dimensions correspond to the 21 even overtones above A6, which, as the lowest note of the five octaves of notes shown above, corresponds to the dimensional gap between the sheets. The numbers of overtones and partials spanning the five octaves of the A scale are the letter values of EHYEH:
The correlation is evidence that EHYEH prescribes the higher dimensions of superstrings themselves. Notice that the letter values Y = 10 & H = 5 of the Godname YAH denote, respectively, the ten overtones and the five octaves of perfect fourths. Notice also that the first ten overtones in the A scale are the same as the first ten overtones in the Pythagorean scale (compare the tone ratios shown above with Table 1). These overtones and the 22 partials up to the tenth overtone were shown in ref. 4 to constitute a Tree of Life pattern. Seven of them (notes B, D & E) belong also to the A scale.
Given this correspondence between the letter values of EHYEH and the numbers of overtones and partials in the five octaves of the A scale that they span — a correlation of such detail that it could not plausibly arise by chance — the following question arises: what compactified dimensions correspond to the numbers? Six of them are predicted by superstring theory and 15 are dimensions belonging only to bosonic strings. This division is indicated by the letters A and H of EHYEH (Hebrew: AHIH), which sum to 6, and by the letters I and H, which sum to 15. This means that the ten overtones up to the 24th harmonic and the five octaves of perfect fourths in the A scale have their counterparts in the 15 higher, purely bosonic dimensions. What is the string counterpart of this 10:5 distinction between overtones and partials? It is the role played by ten of the bosonic dimensions when a membrane wraps itself around each of them to generate the ten string-like closed whorls of the UPA/superstring, leaving five other dimensions (this is discussed in Article 28). The dimensional counterparts of the three overtones with tone ratios 3, 4 & 6 create the three major whorls corresponding to the Supernal Triad of the Tree of Life. The counterparts of the remaining seven overtones 8, 9, 12, 16, 18, 24 & 32 create the seven minor whorls that correspond to the seven Sephiroth of Construction. A11, the 1680th harmonic beyond G6 in the Pythagorean scale, is the fifth octave of the A scale with tone ratio 32. This is its 36th note, prescribed by ELOHA, Godname of Geburah with number value 36. Relative to one another, the three overtones 3, 4 & 6 are the tonic, perfect fourth and octave of the Pythagorean scale, whilst the last seven overtones with tone ratios 8, 9, 12, 16, 18, 24 & 32 form two successive octaves of the tonic, major second and perfect fifth, ending with a third octave. This 3:3:1 pattern is analogous in the outer Tree of Life to the two triads of Sephiroth of Construction (Chesed-Geburah-Tiphareth & Netzach-Hod-Yesod) and Malkuth, to which the seven minor whorls correspond, and in its inner form to the two sets of three polygons (triangle, square, pentagon), (hexagon, octagon, decagon) and the final polygon, the dodecagon. It is also analogous to how the perfect fourth divides the octave into the first three notes with tone ratios in the ratio 1:9/8:(9/8)2 and their inversions — the last three notes before the octave with tone ratios in the same proportion. Analogous 1:3:3 divisions are found in the seven musical scales as the Dorian mode, the three authentic modes and the three plagal modes,9 in the seven imaginary octonions, whose algebra is represented by the two sets of seven projective elements of the Fano Plane,10 and in the seven Yang and seven Yin meridians known in acupuncture.11
The inner form of the Tree of Life, the I Ching table, the Sri Yantra and the disdyakis triacontahedron display a 48:336 division in their structural components. The musical counterparts of this are the 48 harmonics in the Pythagorean scale up to G6, the 15th Pythagorean harmonic, and the next 336 harmonics up to G9, the 52nd note other than octaves prescribed by YAHWEH, the 31st Pythagorean harmonic prescribed by EL, the 21st note above G6 prescribed by EHYEH and the 383rd note above the fundamental prescribed by the Godname YAHWEH ELOHIM because 383 is the 76th prime number. This Godname also determines the note A11 as the 76th note and therefore the 1680 harmonics between it and G6. These two notes are the only ones in the Pythagorean scale that are separated by 1680 harmonics. A11 becomes significant in the context of physics because it is prescribed by ADONAI, Godname of Malkuth, as the 65th note other than octaves. It is defined by the Decad because there are 29 overtones between G6 and A11, where 29 is the tenth prime number. The 24 overtones other than octaves in the 1680 harmonics span five complete octaves of the A scale (Hypodorian mode). As confirmation that these harmonics constitute a holistic set, their composition correlates with the geometrical composition of the disdyakis triacontahedron, shown in previous articles to be the polyhedral Tree of Life. The 240 harmonics up to the middle point of the five octaves correspond to the 240 polyhedral and internal vertices. The 840 even harmonics and the 840 odd harmonics are the musical counterpart of the 840 geometrical elements and their 840 mirror images in each half of the disdyakis triacontahedron that surround an axis joining two opposite vertices. The classes of overtones and partials in the five octaves correlate with the letter values of the Godname EHYEH, supporting the view that a correspondence exists between the 24 transverse dimensions predicted by string theory and the 24 overtones in the 1680 harmonics. The overtones are the musical counterpart of oscillations in these dimensions. The five octaves that they span are the musical counterpart of the five revolutions of each whorl in the E8×E8 heterotic superstring — a standing wave with 1680 circularly polarized oscillations, the 840 oscillations that take place in the inner and outer halves of each whorl corresponding to the 840 even harmonics and the 840 odd harmonics. The 22 even overtones are the counterparts of the 22 compactified dimensions, which are, themselves, the physical counterpart of the 22 Paths of the Tree of Life. The lowest octave corresponds to the dimensional segment between the two space-time sheets occupied by superstrings of ordinary and shadow matter. The 21 higher overtones in the Pythagorean scale correspond to the 21 compactified dimensions of these sheets. The numbers of overtones and partials that they form as an A scale are the letter values of EHYEH, Godname of Kether. The last seven overtones divide into two triplets and a single one. This 3:3:1 division is characteristic of all holistic
systems, being the archetypal manifestation of the two triads of Sephiroth of Construction and Malkuth in the Tree of Life.
Gematria number values of the Sephiroth, their Godnames, Archangels, Orders of Angels & Mundane Chakras.
(All numbers from this table that are referred to in the text are written in boldface ).
Equilibrium. The number of hexagonal yods at centres of tetractyses below the top of the 10-tree = 381 + 1 + 1 = 383.